The Aryans


The word Aryans is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘arya’ which means noble, and it is a fairly recent term referring to a mythical race whose key founding value is racism. It is generally stated that they entered India through the north-west sometime after 1000 BC, however, no archaeological data has been found to fix the date of this event. The term Aryan is applied to the three so-called forward castes in India - Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaisyas who constitute about 12% of India’s population. However, this minority group has for the most part gained control of the religious, political and economic power in India today.

The Brahmins are also called the Rg Vedic people and are classified as the religious patriarchs of all religious thought in India and the world. The Rg Veda is considered very ancient and the foundation of all religious thought. Prior to the arrival of the Vedic people, the Indian population, the Dravidians, were considered uncivilized, who were later cultured and illuminated by the Vedic people. The Rg Veda which speaks in such derogatory terms of the enemies subdued by the Aryan tribes, gives the impression that they were all savage barbarians.1 However, with the discovery of the Indus Valley civilization in 1920, centuries of error in our history has been exposed. The ancient dwellers in India, the Dravidians, were highly cultured and had developed an advanced and sophisticated way of life.

In tracing the history of these Vedic people it is seen that they have been involved in manipulating society for self gain. The Brahmin ancestors, the Vedic people, are the authors of caste system with them at the top of the hierarchy. Over the years the caste system has been used to cause divisions and conflicts in society, and many innocent lives have been either seriously hurt or killed, and certain people are living under the most oppressive circumstances. The vicious religious philosophy of the caste system is also referred to as brahminism. Today brahminism is also practiced by Dravidians to oppress and manipulate fellow Dravidians!

Brahminism is contrary to the Gospel since man is liberated in Jesus Christ. The religion and culture of India is highly misunderstood, and mission strategies are based on this misunderstanding. Today mission strategies like the people movement approach have ignorantly brought the caste system into the Church, and, the Church has become ineffective. The crucial thinking in this strategy is not to disturb the culture of the people involved in the movement into the church, and casteism is considered very ancient and part of the culture. However, the ridiculous nature of this thinking is best illustrated by a modern day example. Let’s say that there was a people movement amongst Nazis or the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), how would the church handle it? Would it cater to them by having a separate church so that they would feel comfortable? Would it wait 3 to 4 generations before addressing their racist attitudes? By the way did not Hitler say that he was a Christian?

In tracing the Brahmin ancestry, the best evidence seen thus far is their religious affinity to the Rg Veda. That is why they are often referred to as the Vedic people.2 The earliest evidence of Vedic worship is seen in on a cuneiform tablet excavated at El-Amarna in Egypt, on a document from Bogazkoy in Anatolia (Asia Minor)3. The tablet is in Hittite cuneiform and written in the Akkadian language, and is an adjunct to a treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and his son-in-law, the Mitannian king Kurtiwaza, and it contains a long list of the gods of the peoples who were parties to it.4 The tablet is dated around the 14th century BC.

The gods are invoked to witness the conclusion of the treaty and guarantee its observance. The gods of the Mitannians are named in these forms: Mi-it-ra, U-ru-ua-na, In-da-ra, and Na-sa-at-ti-ia-an-na. It is evident that these names correspond to Mitra, Varuna, Indra, and Nasatuau of the Vedic pantheon. The following curse is pronounced against the Mitannians: “If you, Kurtiwaza, the prince, and the sons of the Hurri country do not fulfill the words of the treaty, may the gods, the lords of earth, blot you out, you and the Hurri men together with your country, your wives, and all that you have” .5 

In this treatise, Mithra (or Mitra) is invoked as the god of contract and mutual obligation. In short Mithra may signify any kind of communication between men and whatever establishes relations between them.6 The treatise is in the time frame of Israel invading the land of Canaan and their occupation causes a migratory movement in Canaan and surrounding areas. Thus these early Vedic elements spread to other nations.

The worship of Mithra is next seen in Iran where he has evolved and become the god of the sun, justice, contract and war. Before Zoroaster (6th century BC) the Iranians had a polytheistic religion and Mithra was the most important of their gods.7 However, Zoroastrianism, a monotheistic faith, displaces the importance of Mithra. Zoroaster’s teaching centered on Ahura Mazda, who is the highest god, creator of heaven and earth and alone is worthy of worship.8

Zoroaster taught the concept of two kingdoms, the kingdom of God and the kingdom of Ahriman, the enemy of God who was evil. Each kingdom had its followers who had the freedom to choose, however, in the end the kingdom of God vanquishes the kingdom of Ahriman.8

An interesting piece of evidence surfaces when we look at cultic reforms due to Zoroastrianism.

 

Zoroaster forbade all sacrifices in honor of Ahriman or of his adherents, the daevas, who from pre-Zoroastrian times had degenerated into hostile deities. In the prevailing religious tradition, Zoroaster probably found that the practice of sacrificing cattle, combined with the consumption of intoxicating drinks (haoma), led to orgiastic excess.8

 

The Vedic people had a similar potent drink called soma which is the same as haoma in Persia, drunk only at sacrifices, and caused the most invigorating effects.4 Another interesting fact is also seen, Indra to whom nearly one-quarter of the hymns are dedicated10 appears in the Avesta as a demon.11

 In the Bible after the incident of the den of lions king Darius made the following declaration,

 

Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied unto you. I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end. He delivereth and rescueth, and he worketh signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who hath delivered Daniel from the power of the lions.12

 

The influence of Daniel continued in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.13 The monotheistic faith, teachings and reforms of Zoroastrianism strongly suggests that this religion arose through the influence of Daniel in the Medo-Persian Empire. Apart from the biblical evidence for the source of Zoroastrianism no other can be found.

Zoroastrianism seems to have slowly decayed into fire worship. Early reliefs show the king praying to Ahura Mazda before a flaming altar. However, later the king appears on coins without Ahura Mazda, dressed in the costume of a fire priest, praying directly to a fire. This change occurred around the late 5th or 4th century BC.14 The worship of fire, Agni, is also of importance to the Vedic people.

When Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire around 330 BC, the old structure of worship appears to have broken down completely and about the worship of Mithra in Persia no more is heard.4 However, the worship of Mithra spreads to other parts of the world. In the Roman Empire,

 

Mithraism is a western mystery cult which sprang into existence in the last century BC and flourished during the first centuries of the Roman empire. Its adherents were almost exclusively small groups in the Roman army. Renan’s famous and too-often quoted dictum “If the world had not become Christian, it would have become Mithraic16

 

and further,

 

In the Roman Empire from about the year 136 AD onward, there are hundreds of dedicatory inscriptions to Mithra.17

 

However, Mithraism had evolved to become acceptable to the Roman world and it was a religion of loyalty to the emperor. Prior to Constantine’s time it was the chief opponent of Christianity in the Roman Empire.

The Roman Empire at it’s peak (2nd c AD) extended over Italy, Spain and Portugal, Britain, France, Belgium, Germany west of the Rhine, Switzerland, Rumania, Balkans, Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt and North Africa. The last Roman Emperor was dethroned in 476 AD and in the confusion that followed Europe entered the Dark Ages (476 to 918 AD). Christianity spreads in Europe, and the Papacy develops.

During this time, the Arabs develop as a civilization (7th to 12th c AD) which was far advanced to anything in Europe. Their basis was India, Persia and Greece. Around the 11th c AD, pilgrimages began to the Holy Land and a new code of chivalry developed - to give ones life for the defenseless and the church. There were four principal crusades and the first was from 1096AD to 1099AD. From around 1300 to 1500 AD, Europe transitioned from its medieval culture to modern times.

In India, the first evidence of Vedic worship is seen in 183 BC in the Sunga Empire,

 

For some fifty years Mauryan kings continued to rule in Magadha until about 183 BC when Pusyamitra Sunga, a brahman general of Brhadratha, the last Mauryan king, succeeded in gaining power by a palace revolution. Pusyamitra was a supporter of the orthodox faith and revived the ancient Vedic sacrifices, including the horse sacrifice.18

 

Most scholars agree that the Sungas were the ancestors of the Brahmins, though they were not called Brahmins at this time. However, their affinity to the Vedic practices and the usage of Mitra in their names (Pusyamitra’s son was called Agnimitra) are evidence that they were Vedic people. The Sungas were overthrown by the Kanvas in 72 BC, and the Kanva dynasty came to an end in 28 BC. The Kanvas are also considered in the Brahmin ancestry.19 The Sungas and the Kanvas were weak empires which did not last very long.

Thus the present Brahmin race can be traced from the Sunga empire through Persia to western Asia. They were nomads and their gods were inspired by nature and sacrifice is an important part of their ritual. However,

 

“Sacrificial ritual was beginning to be replaced by the practice of bhakti (personal devotion), positing a personal relationship between the individual and the deity”20

 

The numerous Vedic deities lost significance and,

 

The numerous solar deities of the Vedas were merged in Hinduism into a single god, usually known as Surya (“the Sun”)21

 

Numerous temples of the sun are found in Gupta and medieval times. Amongst these is the “Black Pagoda” of Konarak, Orissa, built in the 13th century AD. This sun temple contains very explicit pornographic sculptures.22

After the fall of the Sungas and Kanvas nothing significant is heard of the Brahmin ancestors for a while and there was religious and social harmony in the land,

 

Till the close of the sixth century AD different religious sects lived together in admirable harmony.23

 

However, after the death of Harshavardhana in 647 AD, his empire crumbled and there was great confusion in India. From this confusion arose the Rajputs,

 

The Rajputs maintained their unchallenged supremacy over northern India from the death of Harsha to the first Turk invasion. That is why, the period between 647 to 1200 AD is known as the Rajput period.24

 

and

 

The Rajputs were the descendants of Sakas, Hunas, and Kushans who came to India and settled here. Later, they entirely mixed themselves in the Indian society and almost lost their individuality.25

 

The foreign origin of the Rajputs is based on the fact that the word Rajput does not appear in ancient Sanskrit literature prior to the rise of the Hunas.26

Khurana points out the salient features27 of the Rajput period,

1.       India remained free from foreign attacks during the Rajput period except for a mild invasion of Sindh by Arabs. This invasion also proved to be ineffective due to the sudden death of Muhammad bin Qasim, the leader of the Arabs. The absence of foreign raids rendered the people lazy and uncaring of military preparations. The feeling of patriotism was getting weak and it affected the national unity. Moreover, it created a sense of superiority and pride among Indians that they were omnipotent.

2.       India had no relations with the other countries of the world. It made the Indian civilization and culture to stagnate. Relations with China and the West were snapped due to political changes in Central Asia. Having been cut off from intercourse with progressive countries India could not forge ahead.

3.       It is stated by foreign travelers like Ibn-Batuta that prostitution was not considered as an evil. There were several shortcomings in religion. People were habitual of drinking. Morality, chastity and religious contemplation had bidden adieu, and intoxication and luxury were the order of the day. The monasteries and dwelling places of monks and nuns had become the centers of immorality and luxury.

4.       The entire northern India was divided into small principalities. These always remained at daggers drawn with one another. The political unity of India received a great setback during this period. These small kingdoms were getting weaker all the more day by day due to their mutual conflicts. They failed to patch up their difference even at the time of foreign attacks.

5.       The presence of Charans and Bhats (bards) was a new feature of the Rajput period. They were appointed at the courts to recite poems in praise of their masters. They also used to sing the heroic deeds of the ancestors of Rajputs. They used to accompany the army to the battlefield. Their duty was only to sing the heroic deeds and rouse the feelings of courage and bravery in the soldiers. They often used to act as messengers.

Further the caste system was the foundation stone of the Rajput society. The posts of Purohitas (family priest or court chaplain) were reserved exclusively to the Brahmin ancestors and the posts were hereditary. These Purohitas were never given capital punishment since they were considered an authority in the field of religion and spiritualism and they seem to have been the chief advisors to the king during the Rajput period. The Rajput society was marked by a lack of unity, mutual quarrels and pride. Sati system, child marriage and female infanticide were evil practices rampant.28

Thus based on these evidences we can see that the Brahmin ancestors and Rajputs set up the caste system during the Rajput period to control the Dravidian population of India which constitute about 88% of India’s population today. The Brahmin ancestors became the religious leaders and the Rajputs, the rulers or Kshatriyas. This was the beginning of the mythical race called the Aryans. The foreigners who were involved in trade were later included as the Vaishyas29.

It is often amusing to read the contradictions of historians when describing the Rajputs. They are described as brave and valorous, but with whom? Their wars were basically internal fighting with one another due to personal conflicts and mutual jealousies.

During the Rajput period the Brahmins and Kshatriyas developed the Laws of Manu or Varnashrama Dharma in order to bring racism into Indian society under the guise of religion. They elevated themselves as a superior caste by birth and degraded the Dravidians as a lower caste by birth. The Deivanayagams write2,

 

In Northern India after the reign of Harsha, that is in the 7th c.A.D., the reign of ‘Huns’ started spreading and they are referred to as demonic hordes by the historians. Huns were the cruel rulers who tyrannically suppressed and oppressed the Dravidians in northern India from 7th c.A.D. to 12th c.A.D. During this period the 1) Persians 2) Greeks 3) Sakas 4) Romans 5) Kushans and the 6) Huns who came to India in different periods without any religion were united as Aryans (Sanskrit word for noble) and were ruling. During this time, the Aryan laws like Manudharma Sasthra, which elevate the Aryans (foreigners) and degrade the Dravidians (Indians) were devised.

An important fact during the Rajput period is brought out in the account of the religion, philosophy, literature, geography, chronology, astronomy, customs, laws and astrology of India about AD 1030 by Alberuni (edited by Dr. Edward C. Sachau). He states that,

 

“The Indian scribes are careless, and do not take pains to produce correct and well-collated copies. In consequence, the highest results of the author’s mental development are lost by their negligence, and his book becomes already in the first or second copy so full of faults, that the text appears as something entirely new, which neither a scholar nor one familiar with the subject, whether Hindu or Muslim, could any longer understand. It will sufficiently illustrate the matter if we tell the reader that we have sometimes written down a word from the mouth of Hindus, taking the greatest pains to fix its pronunciation, and that afterwards when we repeated it to them, they had great difficulty in recognizing it.”

 

This is a clear opposite to Hiuen Tsiang’s time in the 7th c AD, when this young Chinese Buddhist scholar came to India on a mission to find authentic sacred books which he accomplished.  This is an important fact since all the ancient writings of Indian thought were corrupted and our ancient history distorted to elevate the Aryans and degrade the Dravidians. However, the recent evidence of Angus Madison indicates that the caste system had only a small effect on India till the arrival of the Europeans.

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total market value of all final goods and services produced in a country in a given year, equal to total consumer, investment and government spending, plus the value of exports, minus the value of imports. Both India and China were the most affluent regions in the world for many centuries.

However, when the British came to India for trade, they deceptively took control by setting Indian against Indian, assisted by the Brahmins. This completely destroyed India's moral fibre and ruined its economy. The Brahmins worked with the British to take control of India. They were quick to portray Manu Dharma (the law of the Caste System based on ones skin color or varna) as the Hindu law, and through the translation of William Jones this poison entered the society of the world.

In Sri Lanka which is largely Buddhist, there are many castes which is unusual for Buddhist societies. The population of Sri Lanka is mainly Sinhalese who constitute 74 % and they are called an Aryan people30. Thus we can see that where ever the Aryan people are, the society is degraded by racism and oppression. This is the root cause of the civil strife in Sri Lanka today. Another example is Adolph Hitler who claimed to belong to the mythical Aryan race.

In conclusion, there is no such race as the Aryans and the term is synonymous with racism and deception. Today there is much being written in the media denying the Aryan race and declaring it a myth. However, the intention is not to bring equality in the society, but rather to cover up the deception in history exposed by the discovery of the Indus Valley civilization.31

 

 

References

 

1.   Edited by John Hinnells and Eric Sharpe, Hinduism, Oriel Press in association with Blackie, India, 1972, pg 8

2.   Vijaya Pushkarna, Looking Beyond Indus Valley, The WEEK, July 26, 1998.

3.   Ehsan Yarshater - editor, The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3(I), Cambridge University Press, 1983, pages 411-412.

4.   Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Hinduism, Oxford University Press, 1979, page 42-43.

5.   For the original document see Keilschrifttexte aus Boghazkoy (1916-68). Translation by A. Goetze is in Ancient Near Texts relating to the Old Testamant, edited by J.B. Pritchard. Third Edition (1969), p.205.

6.   Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Macropaedia Volume 12, page 289.

7.   Ibid, page 288.

8.   Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Macropaedia Volume 19, page 1170.

9.   A.L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India, Rupa & Co, 1994, pg 237.

10. Edited by John Hinnells and Eric Sharpe, Hinduism, Oriel Press in association with Blackie, India, 1972, page 17.

11. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Macropaedia Volume 19, page 1171.

12. Daniel 6:25-27.

13. Daniel 6:28.

14. Ehsan Yarshater - editor, The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3(I), Cambridge University Press, 1983, page 101.

15. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Macropaedia Volume 12, page 289.

16. Ehsan Yarshater, page 566

17. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Macropaedia Volume 12, page 289.

18. A.L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India, Rupa & Co, 1994, pg 58.

19. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Micropaedia Volume V, page 697.

20. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Micropaedia Volume V, page 356.

21. A.L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India, Rupa & Co, 1994, page 315.

22. A.L. Basham, pages 363-364.

23. K.A. Nilakanta Sastri and G. Srinivasachari, Advanced History of India, page 305.

24. K.L. Khurana, Political and Cultural History of India, 1992, page 359.

25. Ibid, page 289.

26. Ibid, page 359-360

27. K.L. Khurana, Political and Cultural History of India, 1992, page 362.

28. M. Deivanayagam and D. Devakala, Christianity in Hinduism, Dravidian Religion Trust, 1997, page 107.

29. Dravida Samayam, June  1998

30. Patrick Johnstone, Operation World, 5th Edition 1993, page 502.

31. Vijaya Pushkarna, Looking Beyond Indus Valley, The WEEK, July 26, 1998.

 

 


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