Hinduism


Till the arrival of the Europeans, the term 'Hindu' had a geographical significance and referred to the people who lived around the river Indus. It was the Europeans who coined the word 'Hinduism' to denote all the Indian religions except Muslims, Jains, and Buddhists, and the word Hindu was erroneously used for those following the religions and worship under Hinduism.

When one studies Hinduism in order to understand it, there is so much confusion, but, when we systematically study the development of religion and worship in India, historically, there is clarity. Today Brahmins are considered the leaders of Hinduism, but after a systematic study, one realizes that they have little to do with the religion, except to manipulate it to their advantage.

The worships and religion that existed in India before Christ are shown below.

Religion and Worship in India before Christ

Scholars define that while worship is universal, a religion requires literature, philosophy or theology. Before Christ, only two religion existed in India, and they were Buddhism and Jainism. The worships could be broadly classified as Dravidian worship which is evidenced from the Indus Valley civilization and Vedic worship of the Aryans. The evidence of Vedic worship is first seen in the Sunga Dynasty in 183 BC. The Vedic worship songs existed in the oral form and were compiled and written by a Dravidian only after 2nd c AD since Sanskrit did not exist before that.

Of all the religions and worships before Christ, we find that Buddhism was the dominant religion followed by masses and vegetarianism was the norm under it's influence (vedic religion was non-vegetarian). It was an ethical religion with strong compassion for all creation. However, there was no room for God in this religion and scholars indicate that the heart of man was empty and hungry for God.

When we transition into the 1st c AD, we see a drastic change in the religion and worship of India.

Religion and Worship in India from the 1st c AD.

In its section on the history of the Indian Subcontinent, the Encyclopedia Britannica (1982 edition) describes major changes in the religions of India. For instance the Vedic religion underwent changes with the gradual fading out of some of the Vedic deities, and further they state that,

"The two major gods were Visnu and Siva, around whom there emerged a monotheistic trend perhaps best expressed in the Bhagavad Gita . . ."

"Sacrificial ritual was beginning to be replaced by the practice of bhakti (personal devotion), positing a personal relationship between the individual and the deity"

Thus we see a new religion arise based on a monotheistic doctrine, and God who is first called Isa.

"The cult of Siva or Saivism emerged first, and the Vishnu-Krishna cult or Vaishnavism came afterwards as an imitation or duplication. The earlier appearance of Siva is indicated in the first instance by the fact that it is he alone who is called Isa or Isvara."1

and

"This peculiar character of the cult makes it permissible to infer that Siva was probably the first and only only god of the monotheistic Hinduism which replaced Vedic polytheism as the highest expression of the religious sentiment of the Hindus. That is to say, originally the monotheism was unitary. In fact, even in recent times the Saivas of the south maintained that Siva was the only supreme deity."

Romila Thapar in her book "A History of India," (Volume 1, pages 131-134) writes,

[About the beginning of the Christian era] "Another characteristic of Hinduism was a gradual shift in emphasis from ritual alone to the view that a completely personal relationship between God and the devotee was possible. The monotheistic concept of God, with either Vishnu or Shiva as its manifestation, was gaining strength. The relationship was one where God could bestow his grace (prasada) on the devotee, and the degree of devotion (bhakti) varied from person to person. This idea of personal devotion or bhakti, as it was commonly called, was to become the dynamic force of later Hinduism. The change in the theological attitude is perhaps best expressed in the philosophy of the Gita."

"Vishnu assumes various forms or incarnations and enters the world of men in order to save them from evil. The tenth and final incarnation has yet to come, and on this occasion he will come in the form of Kalkin riding a white horse, which suggests a connection with the idea of the Messiah and the coming of the Maitreya Buddha in Mahayana Buddhism."

Man need not offer sacrifices any more since God himself had offered himself as sacrifice, and salvation could be obtained by faith. How did this religion arise, since there was nothing in India before Christ to catalyze it? The Dravidian worship was idolatrous and polytheistic, while the Vedic worship exalted nature and was also polytheistic. The two religions, Buddhism and Jainism were atheistic (or politely termed agnostic) with no room for God.

The only logical answer to the development of this new religion is Christianity in India by the apostles of Christ. South India had excellent trade relations with the Roman Empire, and, when there are trade relations, cultural and religious exchanges also take place. When we take early Indian writings like the Bhagavad Gita, such could not have been written without Christian influence, since the avatar concept is borrowed from Christianity.

However, as we follow early Indian Christianity with time, syncretism started infiltrating the religion from the surrounding influences. Just as Christianity in Europe was corrupted, Christianity in India suffered the same fate. When God's children go into idolatry, it always leads to bondage, and this principle is seen in the nation of Israel. In India, the idolatry of His people led to the bondage and slavery of the Caste system.

Development of the Caste System

Today what is seen in Hinduism are the Six-fold religions based on Siva worship and are linked through the names of the family relationship of Siva. According to mythology, Siva has two sons through Sakthi and two sons through Vishnu and totally seven members are mentioned in the family of Siva. They are Siva, Sakthi, Kumarakkatavul, Pillaiyar, Vishnu, Brahma and Ayyappa. Amongst the seven, Brahma was cast away as a cheat and a liar, and according to tradition there should not be any temple or worship or religion in the name of Brahma. Discarding Brahma, there are six religions in the names of the rest, and thus the name Six-fold religion.2

The six-fold religion developed under the influence of Christianity. Siva's roots are from Isa, but the religion evolved by syncretism. In the 8th c A.D, Adi Sankara amalgamated the Six-fold religions, Saivism, Vaishnavism, Saktham, Gaumaram, Ganapathyam and Sauram, by using monism and the cycle of birth. His efforts resulted in the caste system and his motive was to pave the way for the supremacy of the Aryan Purohitas under the guise of religion.

Since Adi Sankara's time, the people of India and the world have been deceived by the Aryan Purohitas that they are the forefathers of Hinduism. They portrayed Hinduism as being very ancient originating from the Vedas and the mother of all religions. The Vedas have absolutely nothing to do with today's Hinduism, the deities of the Vedas lost significance in the 1st c AD when Christianity entered India. Over the years history has been warped and evidences destroyed to hide these facts.

An important fact is brought out in the account of the religion, philosophy, literature, geography, chronology, astronomy, customs, laws and astrology of India about AD 1030 by Alberuni (edited by Dr. Edward C. Sachau). He states that,

"The Indian scribes are careless, and do not take pains to produce correct and well-collated copies. In consequence, the highest results of the author's mental development are lost by their negligence, and his book becomes already in the first or second copy so full of faults, that the text appears as something entirely new, which neither a scholar nor one familiar with the subject, whether Hindu or Muslim, could any longer understand. It will sufficiently illustrate the matter if we tell the reader that we have sometimes written down a word from the mouth of Hindus, taking the greatest pains to fix its pronunciation, and that afterwards when we repeated it to them, they had great difficulty in recognising it."

This is a clear opposite to Yuan Chwang's time in the 7th c AD, when this young Chinese Buddhist scholar came to India in search of authentic sacred books which he accomplished. However, scholars indicate that the same is not true with early Tamil classics like the Sangam literature (3rd c. BC - 3rd c. AD) which are remarkably helpful in the reconstruction of history (K.K.Pillai, Tamil Literature as Source Material for History - Journal of Institute for Asian Studies).

However, in these last days God is exposing these lies and enabling His people to tear down all the false foundations. In the West, the Church today is similarly being threatened by the New Age movement. Satan used Monism and Cycle of Birth to enslave the early Indian Church and these are the key deceptions of the New Age movement.

Reference

  1. Hinduism, by Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, USA, 1979.
  2. 108 Questions to Sankara Mutt, Dr. M. Deivanayagam, The Revival Movement of Dravidian Religion, Chennai, India.
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